THE BOOK OF 25 – CHAPTER 13

25-13 ENLIGHTENMENT – Copy – Copy

THE BOOK OF 25 – CHAPTER 13

ENLIGHTENMENT

Nature was seen as complicated interacting laws governing the universe. The individual human being, as part of that system, was designed to act rationally. If free to exercise their reason, people were naturally good and would act to further the happiness of others. Science was explained through reason, if it can be proved, it exists. Descartes in his (1)Dioptrics, applied geometry to physics and created the solar vortex, based on his astronomic observations and he developed indeterminate equations still in application today. Descartes, was known as a geometrician and a philosopher. Rousseau, on the other hand believed that God is an intelligent power and will and that God or whatever it is, gives motion to all parts of the Universe and governs all things. Rousseau believed in God as a Natural force and deity and that as Descartes proved that something was holding the Universe together in his solar vortex. Rousseau understood through his reason and by applying it to science that the two, God and nature were the same.

Thusly implying and sustaining that what is acting according to nature brings happiness. And that which brings happiness was part of God.

Enlightenment thinkers believed that people have three natural rights, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. A group of French thinkers had a wide influence on Europe and in deed the emerging Modern world. The most fundamental concept of the Enlightenment was faith in nature and belief in human progress. There was a conflict between religion and the inquiring mind that wanted to know and understand through reason based on evidence and proof.

They classified their beliefs. Thinkers could find the truth by the application of Reason. What is Natural is good and reasonable, human actions are shaped by natural laws. Acting according to Nature can bring happiness. Using a scientific view, society can make progress, and advance to a better life. Reason can gain Freedom.

Nature was seen as a complex of interacting laws governing the universe. The individual human being, as part of that system, was designed to act rationally. If free to exercise their reason, people were naturally good and would act to further the happiness of others.

The Age of Enlightenment or Age of Reason, was an elite cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe that

sought to mobilize the power of reason in order to reform society and advance knowledge. It promoted intellectual interchange and opposed intolerance and abuses in church and state. Originating about 1650–1700, it was sparked by philosophers Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677), John Locke (1632–1704), Pierre Bayle (1647–1706), mathematician Isaac Newton (1643–1727) and Voltaire (1694–1778). Ruling princes often endorsed and fostered figures and even attempted to apply their ideas of government. The Enlightenment flourished until  the 1800, after which the emphasis on reason gave way to

Romanticism‘s emphasis on emotion and a Counter-Enlightenment movement gained force.

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